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Ohio Information

States of the USA Article Index

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Ohio Quicklinks

Ohio Info

  • Capital: Columbus.
  • State abbreviation/Postal code: OH.
  • Nickname: Buckeye State
  • Organized as territory: Ohio was originally part of the Northwest Territory, which was incorporated as a territory from 13 July, 1787 to 01 March, 1803. Its southeastern portion became the state of Ohio.
  • Admitted to the Union: Ohio became the 17th state on 01 March, 1803.
  • Present constitution adopted: 1912.
  • Motto: "With God, All Things Are Possible"
  • Land area: 44,828 square miles, making it the 34th biggest state. Interestingly, Ohio is the 7th largest state by population.
  • Highest point: Campbell Hill, which is 1,549 feet (472 m) above sea level.
  • Lowest point: Ohio River, near Cincinnati in Hamilton County (455 feet above sea level)
  • Geographic center: Many people think it's Centerburg, which was named for that reason. While the real center is close to Centerburg, it's not actually there. It's about 25 miles north-northeast of Columbus.
  • Number of counties: 88.
  • Largest county: By area, Ashtabula County (711 square miles). By population, Cuyahoga (where Cleveland is). The smallest county is Lake County (232 square miles).
  • Major lakes: Lake Erie, Grand Lake.
  • Major rivers: Ohio River, Cuyahoga River, Miami River, Maumee River, Muskingham River, Scioto River, Sandusky River

State Symbols:

  • Bird: Cardinal.
  • Flower: Scarlet Carnation.
  • Tree: Buckeye.

Largest Cities:

  • Columbus.
  • Cleveland.
  • Cincinnati.
  • Toledo.
  • Akron.
  • Dayton.
  • Parma.
  • Canton.
  • Youngstown.
  • Lorain .

U.S. Presidents from Ohio:

  • Ulysses Simpson Grant. Born in Point Pleasant on 27 April, 1822.  18th President. 1869 to 1877.
  • Rutherford Birchard Hayes. Born in Delaware on 04 October, 1822. 19th President. 1877 to 1881.
  • James Abram Garfield. Born in Orange on 19 November, 1831. 20th President. 1881. Assassinated; Garfield House is still preserved near Cleveland.
  • Benjamin Harrison. Born in North Bend on 20 August, 1833. 23rd President.1889 to 1893. When he took office, the Treasury had a $97 million surplus. He and his cronies squandered all that and more, leading to the Depression of 1893. Debt never fuels economic expansion, as it is overhead. It does the opposite, as Americans would see yet again under FDR.
  • William McKinley. Born in Niles on 29 January, 1843. 25th President. 1897 to 1901. His assassination catapulted Teddy Roosevelt in to the Presidency, much to the chagrin of the party bosses.
  • William Howard Taft. Born in Cincinnati on 15 September, 1857. 27th President. 1909 to 1913. Succeeded Teddy Roosevelt, who presumed Taft was of the same mind. Unfortunately, Taft rolled over for the very captains of crime that TR had fought against. Much of what TR had accomplished was undone during Taft's misadministration. Consequently, TR was convinced to run against Taft in the 1912 election. This simply split the Republican vote, allowing the worst president in history to take office. Woodrow Wilson subsequently signed the Federal Reserve Act and committed many other grievous offenses while in office.
  • Warren Gamaliel Harding. Born in Corsica (now Blooming Grove) on 02 November, 1865. 29th US President. 1921 to 1923. Noted for his good looks and charm, generally thought of as an idiot.

Some Famous Natives of Ohio:

  • Neil Alden Armstrong. Astronaut. Wapakoneta.
  • Erma Bombeck. Columnist, Humorist. Dayton.
  • William Jennings Bryan. U.S. presidential candidate. Salem.
  • Nancy Cartwright. Voice of Bart Simpson. Kettering.
  • John R. Commons economist. Hollansburg.
  • George Armstrong Custer. Army General. New Rumley.
  • Doris Day. Actress, Musician. Cincinnati.
  • Clarence Darrow. Attorney. Kingsman.
  • Thomas Alva Edison. Inventor. Milan.
  • Clark Gable actor. Cadiz.
  • James Abram Garfield. U.S. President. Cuyahoga County.
  • John Herschel Glenn. United States Marine. Astronaut. Senator. Cambridge.
  • Ulysses Simpson Grant. Army General. Author. U.S. President. Point Pleasant.
    Zane Grey. Author. Zanesville.
  • Warren Gamaliel Harding. U.S. President. Morrow County.
  • Rutherford Hayes U.S. president. Delaware.
  • Stephen Hayes. Martial Artist. Kettering.
  • Benjamin Harrison U.S. President. North Bend.
  • Charles F. Kettering. Inventor. Loudonville.
  • Dean Martin. Comedian. Musician. Actor. Steubenville.
  • William McKinley. U.S. President. Niles.
  • Paul Newman. Actor. Cleveland.
  • Jack Nicklaus. Golfer. Columbus.
  • Annie Oakley. Expert Gunslinger. Darke County.
  • Norman Vincent Peale. Author. Bowersville.
  • Roy J. Plunkett. Chemist. New Carlisle.
  • Judith Resnik. Astronaut. Akron.
  • Eddie Rickenbacker. Aviator. Columbus.
  • William Tecumseh Sherman. Army General. Lancaster.
  • Steven Spielberg. Director. Screenwriter. Cincinnati.
  • William H. Taft. U.S. President. Cincinnati.
  • Tecumseh. Shawnee Indian Chief. Oldtown.
  • Orville Wright. Aviator. Inventor. Dayton.

Some Ohio Factoids

  • Jesse Owens, who won four gold medals in the 1936 Olympics in Berlin (much to Hitler's dismay, go Jesse!) grew up in Cleveland.
  • 50% of the USA population lives within a 500 mile radius of Columbus, which is the state's capital and largest city.
  • The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame is in Cleveland (not far from Lake Erie).
  • Cincinnati was the first city to have a professional city fire department.
  • Akron was the first city to have police cars.

Check out these Ohio posters:

 

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