How to Recite Text From Memory
Actors aren't the only people who need to
learn the tricks to memorizing large amounts of text. You might need to give a
presentation without notes, or remember word-for-word a specific passage of text
so that you can quote it later in a debate or on an examination.
reason for your need to memorize a passage of text, there is no need to feel
overwhelmed by it, even if the text passage is long. You may not be like those
ancient Greek orators who were known for their
ultimate memory and
their skill in reciting entire books from memory, but there are steps that you
can take to improve your memory and your ability to recall and recite text.
Read the text
Before memorizing any words, just read the
text, at least three times. This will help to familiarize yourself with the
material. Note that you need to not only read the text, but understand it as
well. This will help begin the process of imprinting the text in your mind. Read
the text out loud, since this will trigger nerves in your brain related to your
senses of both sight and hearing. The more stimulated your brain is, the more it
is capable of holding onto information.
Break it into smaller bits
If the text is lengthy, break it into smaller
chunks to make your memorization easier. You can do this by breaking each
paragraph into single sentences. Longer single sentences can also be broken into
phrases. Put numbers on each block of text and arrange them into sections.
Numbering will help you to create links to each sentence in the text. After
this, you can start memorizing each block in one section.
As you memorize each bit, recite the previous ones as well as the new line you
have memorized. Do this repeatedly until you finish an entire section. This
builds the text in your memory and ensures that you won’t forget any line in any
given section. Recite an entire section two to three times. Always connect the
sections by reciting them together as you move along in the text.
You can also break the text down by
"initializing" each word. Initialization serves as a cue to remembering the
whole word, and is a way of testing yourself to see that you've memorized the
text correctly, as well as being a way to learn the words and sentences in
order. "Initialize" each word by writing only the first one to three letters of
the word. Here is an example of the preamble of the 1987 Philippine Constitution
(something many schoolchildren in Manila must memorize) both before and after it
has been initialized:
We, the sovereign Filipino people, imploring
the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society and
establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the
common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our
posterity the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and
a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and
promulgate this Constitution.
W, the sov Fil peo, imp the aid of Al God, in
ord to bui a jus and hum soc and est a Gov tha sha emb our idea and asp, prom
the com goo, cons and dev our pat, and sec to our and our pos the bles of ind
and dem und the rul of law and a reg of tru, jus, free, lov, equal, and pea, do
ord and prom this Cons.
You can complete the initialized words as you
recite the passage aloud, and then as you write out the passage. After you have
memorized it completely, recite it aloud without looking at your notes.
Although following these memory tips will
work well, it is better to take more concrete steps to
improve memory by
investing in memory improvement software like
because the best way to train your memory is by using a tested routine that
targets specific areas of memory improvement.