Danish is a North Germanic language spoken mainly in Denmark. It's also spoken among about 75,000 Danish dispora in Norway and northern Germany. It shares many aspects with Swedish and Norwegian, because all three languages derive from Norse. In fact, the Danes originally came from Sweden.
Often, speakers of one of these languages can be understood (more or less) by people who normally speak one of the other two but have no education in Danish per se. Danish also dominates some Danish enclaves in the USA, Canada, and Argentina.
At one time, Danish was the language of an empire consisting of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark. The Danes controlled Greenland and Iceland, and held sway over much of Europe.
If you're an American traveling to Denmark, you will likely encounter some people who speak English as a second language. Some tips on communicating with them (can also help with English speakers in the USA!):
Clearly annunciate your ending consonants. Midwesterners in the USA tend not to do this.
Use short words. They are easier to understand.
Speak a bit more slowly than usual. Your Danish counterpart can probably understand your rapid speech, but the opposite may not be true. By speaking more slowly and deliberately, you help slow the other person down so you can understand.
If you don't quite understand, ask the other person to repeat. But don't shout. The problem isn't deafness, but a difference in articulation.
Use the correct date format. In the USA, many people use a date format that is unclear to the rest of the world. Rather than say "3-9-2014," say "09 MAR 2014" or "03 SEP 2014" depending on which date you actually mean.
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